• a list of the books referred to in a scholarly work, usually printed as an appendix.
  • a list of the books of a specific author or publisher, or on a specific subject.
  • the history or systematic description of books, their authorship, printing, publication, editions, etc.

Oxford English Dictionary defines  “Bibliography as a list of books of a particular author, printer or country, or of those dealing with any particular theme; the literature of subject.”

A.L.A.  Glossary  of  Library  and  Information  Science  defines  bibliography  as  “A  list  of  works, documents or bibliographic items, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing fr om catalogue in that its contents are not restricted to the holding of a single collection, library or group of libraries.”

According to V.W.Clapp, it is  “The systematic listing of records of human communication”.

S.R. Ranganathan  viewed  it  as  “a  list  of  documents  listed  together  for  some  purpose.  The purpose is to bring to the attention of the reader an exhaustive and selective list of documents relevant to his pursuit of study or enquiry”.

Therefore, a bibliography is a systematic listing, either indicative or comprehensive, of works:

  • by a particular author
  • published in a particular country
  • published in a specified period
  • mentioned in, or relevant to, a particular work (a bibliography of this type, sometimes called  a  reference  list  should  normally  appear  at  the  end  of  any  paper  in  scientific literature)

Some earlier attempts in the evolution of the concept of bibliographies are:

  • 1545  -  First attempt for a bibliography was made by Konrad Gesner,  a  Zurich Physician.
  • 1719  -  Lists  of  private  collections  were  also  called  as  bibliography,  for  example,  Michael Maittaire’s    ‘Annals Typographia’, arranged chronologically  listed  information about printers and their publications.
  • 1763  -  The  ‘Bibliographic  Instructive:  rare  books’  by  G.E.  Bure
  • 1908  –  British Museum had  published first descriptive bibliography ‘Catalogue of books in the 15th century’.
  • 1909  –  A. W.  Pollard  published  textual  bibliography  on  ‘Shakespeare  Folios  and  Quartos:  a
  • Study of bibliographies of Shakespeare Plays.’


  • Annotated bibliography
  • Current bibliography
  • National  Bibliography
  • Retrospective bibliography
  • Serial  bibliography

There  are  many  types  of  bibliographies  and  the  leading  bibliographies  differ  slightly  in  the names  assigned  to  its  various  branches.  These  types  of  bibliographies  are  concerned  with listing of books nd other reading material in some systematic order. The  various types are as follows:

  • Incunabula or Book rarities
  • Trade bibliography
  • Selected or eclectic bibliography
  • Subject Bibliography
  • Author bibliography or bio-bibliography
  • Bibliography of bibliographies
  • Bibliophilic bibliographies
  • Universal or General Bibliography
  • National Bibliographies

Dr S.R. Ranganathan recognizes the following categories of national bibliography:

“1. List of all books published in a country.

2. List of all books on a country.

3. Lit of all books published by all the citizens of the country.

4. Lit of all books published on all the citizens of the country, and

5. Any one combination of the above.”

The Indian National Bibliography

The Indian National Bibliographyhas been conceived as an authoritative bibliographical record of current Indian publications in Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu languages, received in the National Library, Kolkata under the Delivery of Books and Newspapers, (Public Libraries) Act, 1954 (Act No. 27 of 1954 as amended by Act No. 99 of 1956).


The following types of publications are excluded: 

a) Maps 
b) Musical scores 
c) Periodicals and Newspapers (except the first issue of a new periodical and the first issue of a periodical under a new title)
d) Keys and Guides to Textbooks 
e) Ephemeral and other such materials.

The main entries are in Roman Script and the collations and annotations, if any, are in English. The classified portion follows the Dewey Decimal Scheme of Classification but the numbers from the Colon Classification scheme are assigned to each entry at the bottom right hand to facilitate the use of the Bibliography and libraries, arranged according to the Colon Schemes of classification.

At the beginning of it’s compilation, the problem of multilingual characteristics of the nation was overcome with the scholarly opinion of Dr. Suniti Kumar Chatterji by adopting Roman script with diacritical marks. The standardization of the transliteration table made at that time was helpful while developing software standards for Indian language scripts. Today this has been made possible by CDAC GIST and is used to enter language data at presen

Central Reference Library (CRL), Kolkatais a subordinate office of the Department of Culture, Ministry of Culture, Government of India. This institutiom has been curved out of the National Library in order to compile the Indian National Bibliography (INB) after the promulgation of the Delivery of Books Act, 1954. Since August 1955, The Indian National Bibliography unit started functioning in the premises of the National Library, Kolkata.

Q. Indian Nationl Bibliography consists of following  parts –

  1. Author & Title Index only
  2. Subject Index, Author and Title Index
  3. Classified Index, Author Index ,Title Index ,Subject Index
  4. None of Above

SET (Maharashtra) Examination 16th April 2017

1 Commencement of online Application 27 Dec 2016
2 Last date for Applying Online 10 Jan 2017
3 Availability of Admit Card on website 06 Apr 2017
4 Date of Examination 16 Apr 2017


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